Ecological sanitation, commonly abbreviated as ecosan is an approach to sanitation provision For this reason, the term “ecosan toilet” is widely used when people mean a UDDT. However, the ecosan concept should not be limited to one. Introduction: The ECOSAN Toilet is a waterless, dehydration / evaporation system that provides a safe, non-polluting and cost effective solution for areas where. The technical manual for constructing EcoSan toilet was a team effort. We want to take this opportunity to extend our sincere thanks to all the people who made.

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The project database contains nearly sanitation projects of many different organizations dealing with research, implementation, advocacy, capacity development etc.

Catalogue, in English but also very well illustrated with drawings, of the existing types of low cost latrines, pits, slabs and superstructures, available at: Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask questions and more. Exemple of realizations done using this sheet’ Be the first to write a work that you were able to do using these techniques. Not yet a SuSana partner?

Because it is not complicated to make, it protects Nature and transforms waste into a source of income or savings, either through the sale of compost or by reducing the use of expensive, often imported fertilisers, thus saving foreign currency.

Click on the image below to visit their web site. Over a period of a few weeks it dries out the human waste into a completely dry waste product that is safer to handle and easily disposable. The Chinese were aware of the benefits of using excreta in crop production more than years ago, enabling them to sustain more people at a higher density than any other system of agriculture. See pages 49 to 72 and 84 to in particular. This page was last edited on 19 Novemberat It is a dry sanitation system that does not require any water to function.

Ecological sanitationcommonly abbreviated as ecosan also spelled eco-san or EcoSanis an approach to sanitation provision which aims to safely reuse excreta in agriculture. Are you from Australia and need more information?

Ecological sanitation – Wikipedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The definition of ecosan has varied in the past. Some models, however, provide for this by collecting the corresponding small amount of water used in a small container.

Ina widely accepted definition of ecosan was formulated by Swedish experts: We will implemented this functionality within the next few weeks. Water Science and Technology: Despite all its advantagesthe ECOSAN latrine with urine separation may well not grow as fast as other types of latrines because of the high level of preparation and acceptance required on the part of populations, their frequent accessibility difficulties for the elderly and disabled, the fact that products are not as yet always used proficiently in fields and above all its initial investment cost which is still relatively high for low income families.


The price varies quite significantly according to the model, the materials used and the country.

Information on starting your own ECOSAN toilet factory Our contact information A Gallery with pictures of some of our environmentally concious clients Worldwide Sanitation Problems Many countries are chronically short of water, which makes the use of water bourne sanitation an unrealistic option.

Ecosan supporters criticised conventional sanitation for contaminating waterways with nutrients and pathogens. Ecoaan the map or the search tool to access the most relevant information and knowledge products for your region or country. If, for more comfort, this separation is done with a seat, a simple plastic bucket can be used – first by cutting the bottom out of the bucket and gluing half of it at the bucket mid-height, at an angle so as to form a urine receptacle, and making a hole in it with a with a hot iron and attaching an evacuation tube to it, – by surrounding the bucket with wire before covering it with concrete rcosan solidify it, – by making a seat top or a lid and connecting the assembly to the pits and to the urine container.

Stay informed about the activities of SuSanA and its partners. Illustration WEDC As for other types of latrine ecosam Fact Sheet A5 “Latrines-General points” one or two pits are required but in this case above ground and with a smaller volume filling time often less than a toiletwwhich toilers for their commonly being referred to as compartments, which makes it easier to empty them and avoids the pollution of ground water.

These pits are covered with a slab, usually made of concrete but sometimes of other cheaper local materials see the same fact sheet. Discussion forum Go to discussion forum Share knowledge, exchange experiences, discuss challenges, make announcements, ask ecisan and more.

Conservation Crisis Efficiency Footprint Reclaimed. Ecosna term “ecosan” was first used in and the first project started in Ethiopia, by an NGO called Sudea. Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, EcoSan toilet adapted for underground mines.

Photo by WaterAid d Urine use It is generally considered that: Document available, on line at: Many traditional agricultural societies recognized the value of human waste for soil fertility and practised the “dry” collection and reuse of excreta.

Shit flow diagrams SFDs help to visualize excreta management in urban settings. The slab is topped by a superstructure, which again may be more or less ecoasn see the same fact sheet after providing a self-ventilation device, as in the case of VIP latrines see Fact Sheet A8 “VIP latrines” and inserting a container containing, as with composting latrines, ash, shavings or soil to be added to excreta each time the latrine is usedwith a reservoir placed outside for the collection of urine.

Initially, there were dedicated “ecosan conferences” to present and discuss research toileets ecosan projects:.


Using the EcoSan toilet – Resources • SuSanA

Advanced filtering functions and a global map are also available. Content – Summary EcoSan toilets UDDTs are the modern way to save resources and recycle waste, for a cleaner and healthier environment.

Also many of the research projects that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have been funding since about in sanitation are dealing with resource recovery — this might well be a legacy of the ecosan concept, even if the term “ecosan” is not used by these researchers.

Some proponents eccosan ecosan have been criticised as being too dogmatic, with an over-emphasis on roilets resource protection rather than a focus on public health protection and provision of sanitation at a very low cost for example UDDTswhich some people call “ecosan toilets”, may be more expensive to build than pit latrines, even if in the longer term they are cheaper to maintain. Since then the ecosan theme has been integrated into other WASH conferences, and separate large ecosan conferences have no longer been organised.

Excreta and greywater use in agriculture. Examples of ecosan projects worldwide can be found in a list published by GIZ inas well as in those case studies published by the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance that are focused on reuse activities.

A10 – ECOSAN ecological compost latrines with urine separation

Ecosan Australia Are you from Australia and need more information? By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Ecosan systems can be “unsustainable” for example if there is too little user acceptance or if the costs of the system are too high for a given target group of users, making the system financially unsustainable in the longer term. Articles with short description Use dmy dates from February All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from January Commons category link from Wikidata.

The definition of ecosan is focusing on the health, environment and resource aspect of sustainable sanitation.

Recovery of nutrients from excreta in non-sewered sanitation systems was addressing the sanitation problems in settlements in Europe and elsewhere and was contributing to securing agricultural productivity. One of the aims is to minimise the use of non-renewable resources. This link between WASHnutrition, a disease called environmental enteropathy or tropical enteropathy [6] as well as stunted growth of children has risen to the top of the agenda of the WASH sector since about Known mineral phosphate rock reserves are becoming scarce and increasingly costly to extract — this is also called the ” peak phosphorus ” crisis.