This standard is issued under the fixed designation C ; the number immediately 1 This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C09 on. All the Controls products ASTM C standard. Enter now!. Originally approved in Last previous edition approved in as C – 05a. 2 For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website,

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Then simply check on them periodically and record your results.

Search Enter search terms: For ASR to occur, four things must be present: In addition to discovering ASR, he was the first to explain that expansion was negligible when the alkali content of the cement was below 0. Comments Frank, Great article that gives a simplified overview of Astmm, expansion testing, and mitigation techniques.

Filling in the Blanks on Alkali-Silica Reaction

Skip to main content. This document is currently not available here. Great article that gives a simplified overview of ASR, expansion testing, and mitigation techniques. Cement mill certificates contain information that can prove useful for tracking changes in your concrete and controlling variability in your mix design. Though Stanton might not have been the first to visually recognize ASR, he is credited with the first serious research c12600 why it occurred.

Clinker alkali had no or little effect on aastm reactive aggregate; whereas it had considerable effect on highly reactive aggregate. When lithium, sodium or potassium lose their single outermost electron, they become positively charged. The alkali content of cement is not a significant factor in affecting the expansion.


This test is similar to C with a testing period of 14 days. Highly reactive aggregate tended to be more sensitive to cement fineness and alkalinity.

Cracking usually appears in areas with a frequent supply of moisture. Asym compounds have also been used, but they may be cost-prohibitive and limited in availability. The cracks radiate from the interior of the aggregate out into the surrounding paste.

“Effect of Portland Cement Fineness on ASTM C Expansion” by Faith Bektas, Kejin Wang et al.

At least, this was the blame at the time. If you compare this with the composition of your aggregates, you should give yourself a pat on the back.

While the fundamental physical and chemical reactions remain asstm understood, it is well known that ASR destroys the durability of concrete and can cause serious maintenance and reconstruction costs. However, this chemical approach, which alters the reaction gel to a less expansive nature, has us in what I feel to be qstm right direction. C is used as an initial screening test for aggregates and C determines the effectiveness of the SCM being considered to moderate the aggregate activity.

Eventually, the tensile stresses caused by the increase in volume exceed the tensile strength of the concrete, causing cracks. Overall, ASR is characterized primarily by four main features: Federal Highway Administration, fhwa.

For precasters in identified ASR areas, the following methods for new concrete may be the most critical: Keep in mind that some cements contain a higher proportion of potassium sulfate K 2 SO 4 than sodium sulfate Na 2 SO 4. Leave c160 Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. In this study, high and low alkali portland cement clinkers were selected and ground with gypsum in a laboratory ball mill to three fineness levels: Your email address will not be published.


This is a result of a number of sequential reactions.


Petrography may be used to classify an aggregate as potentially reactive, but expansion testing is required to determine the extent of the reactivity and appropriate levels of prevention. Specification of fineness and alkali content of cement, or both, might be beneficial to further improve the reliability and reproducibility of ASTM C Ions are electrically charged particles formed when atoms lose x1260 gain electrons.

Although cement fineness and clinker alkali content did not affect the classification in terms of potential reactivity of the aggregates used in this study, they might change the classification for the aggregates near the boundary between reactive and nonreactive aggregates. ASR can be avoided with a proper concrete mix design.

Photo provided by Frank Bowen. If asttm can read like x1260 chemist, it looks like this: Adtm, honestly, is about as simple as I can explain this reaction. A s I scrolled through the few articles and reports I have collected over the past decade regarding alkali-silica reactions, I began to realize I had developed an ignorance to this elusive subject.

More than a century ago, it was noticed that concrete could deteriorate from seawater and freezing weather cycles.