ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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The book discusses several theorems of astronomy, trigonometry, solar, lunar, and planetary motions and relative topics. Retrieved 11 September Although he tried to stay away from political and military history, Biruni did indeed record al-biurni dates and noted actual sites of where significant battles occurred. The most prominent of both modern and ancient astronomers have deeply studied the question of the moving of the earth, and tried to refute it.

Internet URLs are the best. In that context he wrote of precious metals and gemswhich were considered foundational for any economic systemand he wrote of diamonds and their particular social importance. The combination of the dynamic approach with Archimedean hydrostatics gave birth to a direction in science which may be called medieval hydrodynamics. His underlying concept was that all cultures are at least distant relatives of all other cultures because they are all human constructs.

Help us improve this article! He was al-birruni in science at an early age, publishing his first book on cartography when he was 22 years old.

GhazniGhaznavid Empire modern-day Afghanistan. He is known as al-Ustdadh, ‘the Master’.

Abu Arrayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Biruni

In a celebrated preface to the book of Drugs, Biruni says, “And if it is a-biruni that in rsihan nations one likes to adorn oneself by using the language to which one has remained loyal, having become accustomed to using it with friends and companions according to need, I must judge for myself that in my native Khwarezmianscience has as much as chance of becoming perpetuated as a camel has of facing Kaaba.

He also used it to detail longitudes and latitudes on Earth and discussed the formation of mountains. The blog is designed to be a place for the science community from the Middle East, or those interested in the region, to meet, discuss and learn.


This section’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. The contribution of Iranians to Islamic mathematics is overwhelming. He observed that flowers have 3,4,5,6, or 18 petals, but never 7 or 9. Enter your log in email address and we’ll send al-birunj a link to reset your password.

In his major extant astronomical work, the Mas’ud CanonBiruni utilizes his observational data to disprove Ptolemy’s immobile solar apogee. Born in the city of Kheva near “Ural” in A.

The book was not just a collection, however, with accurate input au Al-Biruni where he developed many new mathematical techniques to improve on the measurements from the previous astronomers. Due to an apparatus he constructed himself, he succeeded in determining the specific gravity of a certain number of metals and minerals with remarkable precision.

He died in A. International Journal of Sciences. He was from Khwarazm — a region which aabu modern-day western Aal-biruniand northern Turkmenistan. Biruni documented everything about India just as it happened. During this time he wrote his study of India, finishing it around In he traveled to South Asia and authored a study of Indian culture Tahqiq ma li-l-hind If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.

That the name was pronounced in this way in Central Asia about the author’s time, we learn from indisputable statement regarding our author from the pen of Alsam’ani, a philologist and biographer of high repute. Using a whole body of mathematical methods not only those inherited from the antique theory of ratios and infinitesimal techniques, but also the methods of the contemporary algebra and fine calculation techniquesMuslim scientists raised statics to a new, higher level.

He did not go on about deeds that each one carried out during their reign, which keeps in line with Al-Biruni’s mission to try to stay away from political histories. Royalty and powerful members of society sought out Al-Biruni to conduct research and study to uncover certain findings.

The classical results of Archimedes al-birkni the theory of the centre of gravity were generalized and applied to three-dimensional bodies, the theory of ponderable lever was founded and the ‘science of gravity’ was created and later further developed in medieval Europe.

Different forts and landmarks were able al-bruni be located, legitimizing Al-Biruni’s contributions with their usefulness to even modern history and archeology. Besides astronomy, Al-Biruni had many contributions to physics, where he unified statistics and dynamics in the science of mechanics. He served more than six different princes, all of whom were known for their bellicose activities and alb-iruni good number of whom met their ends in violent deaths.


He lived during the Islamic Golden Age, which promoted astronomy and encouraged all scholars to work on their research.


For the university, see Al-Beroni University. The lunar crater Al-Biruni and the asteroid Al-Biruni were named in his honour. He wrote a number of books and treatises. Historical Eclipses and Earth’s Rotation. But, his details are brief and mostly just list rulers without referring to their real names. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. We, too, have composed a book on the subject called Miftah-ilm-alhai’a Key to Astronomyin which we think we have surpassed our predecessors, if not in the words, at all events in the matter.

My book is nothing but a simple historic record of facts.

Al-Biruni – Wikiquote

He observed that the Indus valley must be considered as an ancient sea basin filled up with alluvials. For example, he raised questions about the formation of mountains and explained the existence there of fossils by positing that Earth was once underwater.

At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. The classical works of al-Biruni and al-Khazini can by right be considered as the beginning of the application of experimental methods in medieval science.

Journal for the History of Astronomy. An imaginary rendition of Al Biruni on a Soviet post stamp. He also theorized that the landmass must be inhabited by human beings, which he deduced from his knowledge of humans inhabiting the broad north-south band stretching from Russia to South India and Sub-Saharan Africatheorizing that the landmass would most likely lie along the same band.

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